Dr. Madani is an endocrine and acute care surgeon at UHN, and a researcher at The Institute for Education Research (TIER). He attended medical school at Western University and completed his general surgery residency training at McGill University. During his training he also obtained his PhD in surgical education and innovation. He subsequently completed a clinical fellowship in endocrine surgery at Columbia University-New York Presbyterian Hospital. He has been working in the Division of General Surgery at UHN since 2019.

Dr. Madani’s research focus is in surgical expertise and the use of technology to optimize performance in the operating room. He uses qualitative methodologies to investigate mental models, intra-operative decision-making and other constructs of expertise. This work serves as the basis for engaging in the design and development of new innovations to improve surgical performance, including platforms that incorporate artificial intelligence, computer vision, augmented/virtual reality, and simulation.

Dr. Madani collaborates with a multidisciplinary group of engineers, computer scientists, game developers and educational psychologists, who use a team-based approach to develop technology-enhanced learning environments and assess their impact on performance and patient outcomes.

Examples of these projects include developing artificial intelligence algorithms for providing real-time guidance to surgeons during surgery, augmented reality simulation platforms to teach and objectively measure intraoperative decision-making, and telestration devices to facilitate coaching and accelerate the acquisition of surgical expertise. His team also develops VR team-based simulations with a focus on using machine learning-derived metrics for decision-support.

For a list of Dr. Madani's publications, please visit Pubmed or Scopus.


Clinical Associate, Division of General Surgery, UHN