Ventricular tachyarrhythmias are an important mode of sudden death in patients with cardiomyopathy. Animal studies suggest that abnormal ventricular repolarization can lead to ventricular arrhythmias. In humans, the relevance of cardiac repolarization as a substrate for arrhythmogenesis is not well understood. Our laboratory is characterizing the spatiotemporal distribution of ventricular repolarization in patients with cardiomyopathy and defining the dynamic range of repolarization in response to physiologic stress that can trigger ventricular arrhythmias. The experiments involve body surface and intracardiac recordings of repolarization under varying physiological conditions. Using linear and nonlinear dynamics, several aspects of cardiac repolarization are quantified including spatiotemporal heterogeneity, restitution, memory and alternans. The knowledge gained from our experiments will provide better understanding of the pathogenesis of lethal ventricular arrhythmias in cardiomyopathic patients which may lead to the development of novel antiarrhythmic therapies.
Vijay S Chauhan
Europace. 2007 Jan;9(1):10-9
Utility of microvolt T-wave alternans to predict sudden cardiac death in patients with cardiomyopathy.
Curr Opin Cardiol. 2007 Jan;22(1):25-32
Steeper restitution slopes across right ventricular endocardium in patients with cardiomyopathy at high risk of ventricular arrhythmias.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2007 Mar;292(3):H1262-8
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2006 Oct;17(10):1150-2
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2006 Aug;29(8):910-3
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Aug 15;48(4):798-804
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2005 Sep;28(9):997-9
Increased ventricular repolarization heterogeneity in patients with ventricular arrhythmia vulnerability and cardiomyopathy: a human in vivo study.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2006 Jan;290(1):H79-86
Magnetoelectroanatomic mapping of arrhythmias in structural heart disease using a novel multielectrode catheter:.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2004 Aug;27(8):1077-84
Rapid magnetic electroanatomic mapping of typical atrial flutter using a novel multielectrode catheter.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2003 Jun;14(6):673
Scientist, Toronto General Hospital Research Institute (TGHRI)
Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, University of Toronto