Martin J Steinbach

Martin J Steinbach, PhD

Eye Movements and Visual Processes in People with Normal or with Disordered Vision
People with eyes that do not align, a condition called strabismus, will frequently have surgical or pharmacological treatment of their eye muscles. By studying the adaptations made after these treatments, we gain insight as to the kinds of information the brain uses to stay informed about the positions and movements of the eyes.

I also study children who grow up with only one normal eye, either because the other eye has been removed in early childhood because of retinoblastoma, or because of an early onset strabismus. The changes in various visual functions (depth perception, acuity, eye movements, etc) gives us insights about the plasticity of the developing visual system as well as suggestions as to the timing of intervention.

We also study patients with macular degeneration, retraining their eye movements so that they learn to see with parts of their retina that still function.

Related Links

Neuromodulation. 2010 Jan;13(1):17-25
Fawcett AP, González EG, Moro E, Steinbach MJ, Lozano AM, Hutchison WD
Vis Neurosci. 2009 Nov;26(5-6):487-94
Tarita-Nistor L, González EG, Markowitz SN, Steinbach MJ
J Child Neurol. 2009 Feb;24(2):161-5
Salman MS, Sharpe JA, Lillakas L, Dennis M, Steinbach MJ
Brain Res. 2009 Feb 19;1255:67-74
Irving EL, Tajik-Parvinchi DJ, Lillakas L, González EG, Steinbach MJ
Spat Vis. 2008;21(6):509-29
Steeves JK, González EG, Steinbach MJ
Can J Neurol Sci. 2008 Sep;35(4):495-500
Salman MS, Sharpe JA, Lillakas L, Dennis M, Steinbach MJ
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009 Jan;50(1):84-9
Tarita-Nistor L, González EG, Mandelcorn MS, Lillakas L, Steinbach MJ
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Jul;49(7):3253-8
Tarita-Nistor L, González EG, Markowitz SN, Lillakas L, Steinbach MJ
Vision Res. 2008 Feb;48(5):724-32
Niechwiej-Szwedo E, González EG, Verrier MC, Wong AM, Steinbach MJ
Retina. 2008 Jan;28(1):125-33
Tarita-Nistor L, González EG, Markowitz SN, Steinbach MJ

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Professor of Ophthalmology, University of Toronto